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In the desert or at sea? Securing Europe’s Southern flank

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Europe’s strategy for its southern flank is patchy, its military presence is limited, and its American ally appears to be leaving. Europeans need an overall security strategy for the region, one that they can implement with their own resources, but that is ambitious enough to prevent threats to their security. The way forward is an “indirect approach” to achieve limited ends.

This policy paper was first published on the website of the Elcano Royal Institute. Read the Paper.

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