The EU wants to break free of its gas imports from Russia. US natural gas was offered by Washington as an alternative. T. Zgajewski shows that the implementation of this ambitious project will be difficult to carryout, at least in the short-run. (…)
The German Constitutional Court (BVG) recently referred different questions to the European Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling. They concern the legality of the European Central Bank’s Outright Monetary Transaction mechanism created in 2012. Simultaneously, the German Court has threatened to disrupt the implementation of OTM in Germany if its very restrictive (…)
Shale gas is an unconventional form of gas because its extraction is more difficult or less economical than that of conventional natural gas. It has become an important item of energy policy during the last years since new processes have allowed its extraction. In the medium term, shale gas should foster a reinforcement of the gas part in the world’s energy mix. In 2011, the IEA released an influential report entitled “Are we entering a golden age of gas?” (…)
In this issue of Studia Diplomatica, variable geometry Union is discussed from various angles, stretching from economic and monetary integration to defence and the area of freedom, security and justice. While each policy field has its specific dynamics, the underlying differentiation in the level of integration of Member States shows several similar characteristics. These similarities could be indicative of the direction that differentiated (…)
In this commentary, Xavier Vanden Bosch shows that European elections in the French-speaking part of Belgium have a flavour of indirect voting. Political stakes are low for political parties, and voters have little say in the choice of their candidates to the European Parliament. (…)
The EU–Russia strategic partnership is running out of gas. While Moscow is finalizing the annexation of Crimea – at the expense of Ukraine and international law – Europeans are responding with new punitive measures. At first these measures essentially consisted of economic sanctions targeted at the entourage of President Vladimir Putin. Now Europeans intend to go a step further. They want to break free of their energy dependence on Russia. (…)
François Hollande’s recent state visit to Washington featured in-depth discussions on international security and on military cooperation in particular. Is this signalling the emergence of yet another ad hoc framework for initiating future military crisis management operations? Does it suggest a European trend to re-nationalise defence through a series of bilateral ‘special relationships’? Or on the contrary, is it still about ‘Europe as a global actor’, acting in tandem (…)
Interview with Marc Otte. Read the article.
Interview with Sven Biscop. Read the article.
With a mention of Xavier Vanden Bosch. Read the article
With the opinion of Thomas Renard. Read the article.
With the mention of Egmont Institute. Read the article.