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A new ‘special relationship’ between Washington and Paris: undermining or underpinning the CSDP?

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François Hollande’s recent state visit to Washington featured in-depth discussions on international security and on military cooperation in particular. Is this signalling the emergence of yet another ad hoc framework for initiating future military crisis management operations? Does it suggest a European trend to re-nationalise defence through a series of bilateral ‘special relationships’? Or on the contrary, is it still about ‘Europe as a global actor’, acting in tandem with a strong transatlantic partnership?

Published in  European Geostrategy, 23 March 2014.

(Photo credit: Photo credit: European Council, © European Union 2004-2014)