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Radicalisation and Europe’s counter-terrorism strategy

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Europe did not wake up to terrorism on 9/11. Throughout its history, it has been experiencing all sorts of terrorisms, leftwing, rightwing, nationalist, social, religious. European counter-terrorism mechanisms date back as far as the 70s and have been part of the Schengen Agreement in the 80s, the 1991 Maastricht Treaty and all of the ensuing Treaties since then. Nevertheless, as was the case for the United States, 9/11 was a watershed for Europe too.

The Transatlantic Dialogue on Terrorism – CSIS/Clingendael, The Hague, Dec. 8-9, 2005.
(Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons)