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Reviving the Security Function: The EU’s Path to Save the JCPOA

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Europe’s efforts to keep the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) for Iran alive hardly seem effective. On 28 June 2019, during a meeting of the Joint Commission of JCPOA, it was announced that the Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges (INSTEX) has been made operational. Though it injected new hope into saving the deal, it is unlikely that in the long term INSTEX’ limited scope will meet Tehran’s demands. The Middle East is going through tough times since the US unilaterally withdrew from the JCPOA and started to exert ‘maximum pressure’ on Iran, prompting unparalled tensions between the two nations. Can the EU do more?

(Photo credit: Osterreichisches Außenministerium, Flickr)